What is a Full Coverage Crown

What is a Full Coverage Crown?


Full coverage dental crowns are versatile dental restorations used to restore the form, function, and aesthetics of damaged or weakened teeth. Dental crowns can be used to address teeth injured in an accident or decay. This article aims to provide a thorough understanding of what full coverage crowns are, how they work, and their various applications in dental care

What is a Full Coverage Crown?

A full coverage dental crown, also known as a dental cap, is a prosthetic restoration that covers the entire visible portion of a tooth above the gumline. These crowns are custom-made to mimic the shape, size, and color of natural teeth, providing both functional and cosmetic benefits. Full coverage crowns are typically fabricated from durable materials such as porcelain, ceramic, metal alloys, or a combination of materials.

How Do Full Coverage Crowns Work?

Full coverage crowns are designed to encase the entire outer surface of a tooth, effectively restoring its strength, integrity, and appearance. The process of placing a full coverage crown typically involves the following steps:

* Tooth Preparation: The affected tooth is first prepared by removing any decayed or damaged tissue and reshaping it to accommodate the crown. This may involve reducing the size of the tooth to create space for the crown.
* Impression Taking: An impression or mold of the prepared tooth is then taken to ensure the crown fits accurately. This impression is sent to a dental laboratory where the crown is custom-made to match the patient's natural tooth anatomy.
* Temporary Crown: While the permanent crown is being fabricated, a temporary crown may be placed over the prepared tooth to protect it and maintain aesthetics and function.
* Permanent Crown Placement: Once the permanent crown is ready, it is bonded or cemented onto the prepared tooth using dental adhesive. The dentist ensures proper fit, alignment, and bite before cementing the crown in place.
Applications of Full Coverage Crowns:
Full coverage dental crowns serve various purposes in dental care, including:
* Restoring Damaged Teeth: Crowns are used to restore teeth that have been severely damaged by decay, fractures, or trauma, providing strength and protection.
* Supporting Dental Bridges: Crowns are placed on either side of a gap to support a dental bridge, replacing missing teeth and restoring chewing function.
* Protecting Weak Teeth: Teeth weakened by large fillings, root canal therapy, or extensive wear can be strengthened and protected with full coverage crowns.
* Improving Aesthetics: Crowns can enhance the appearance of misshapen, discolored, or poorly aligned teeth, improving overall smile aesthetics.


In summary, full coverage dental crowns are custom-made restorations used to cover and protect the entire visible portion of a tooth above the gumline. These crowns play a crucial role in restoring damaged teeth, supporting dental bridges, strengthening weakened teeth, and enhancing smile aesthetics. By understanding the function and applications of full coverage crowns, individuals can make informed decisions about their dental care and achieve optimal oral health and aesthetics with the guidance of a qualified dental professional.


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